CBD oil, on the most basic level, is CBD that has been extracted from a hemp plant and then combined with a carrier oil. So, how is CBD oil made? Let’s look at the process from start to finish.
Growing Hemp Plants
The CBD that you find on shelves and can buy online is extracted from hemp plants, aka cannabis plants that contain 0.3% or less THC. Thanks to the passing of the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018, commonly known as the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp containing less than 0.3% THC became legal and helped expand the commercial cultivation of hemp in the US. Once the hemp seeds have been planted, they grow fairly quickly and become ready for harvest in around 90-120 days.
Harvesting Hemp Plants
The most important part of the hemp plants when it comes to how CBD oil is made are the flowers. Most of the cannabinoids are found in the trichomes of the plant. These are very small “appendages” on the exterior of the flowers. Before plants can be harvested, they must be tested by the state’s department of agriculture to ensure it contains less than 0.03% THC. Once plants are harvested, they are cured, or air-dried, in preparation for the CBD to be extracted.
The extraction process removes CBD from the hemp plant so it can be turned into a form that is easy to utilize. There are a few different extraction methods:
Although butane has long been a common solvent for cannabis extraction, ethanol and propane are also often utilized. For this method, liquid butane, propane or ethanol is sprayed over the cannabis to release CBD and other cannabinoids and terpenes. It must then be either heated or chilled to separate the solvent from the chemical without damaging them. Solvent extraction has the major drawback of removing impurities from the cannabis plant material, which might lead to an unpleasant flavor in the final product as a result.
CO2 extraction is becoming the preferred method of CBD extraction because it is cleaner and produces a better quality product. The CO2 approach uses CO2 in both its normal and supercritical liquid forms. Using a pressure cylinder known as a closed-loop extractor, CO2 gas is compressed until it forms a liquid. Cannabinoids such as CBD are removed by saturating the cannabis material with the liquid. All of the CO2 is removed from the solution and restored to its original state, leaving just the CBD extracted from the plant material.
Making CBD Oil
Now to answer the question of “how is CBD oil made”! When CBD has been extracted from the plant and is in its purest form, it is mixed with a carrier oil for consumption. Excellent carriers for full-spectrum and pure CBD include oils like hemp seed oil or MCT oil (coconut oil). This is because of the quantity of saturated fats in their natural state. Natural saturated fat molecules are easily absorbed by the body and pass through the liver, so the CBD is easier for the body to utilize.
Once the CBD oil has been created, testing is required to ensure the potency and purity of the product. This step makes a huge difference in giving customers the confidence that they are purchasing a CBD oil that meets the necessary standards.
CBD Oil from Color Up
Color Up offers CBD oil that is made using CO2 extraction for a clean, high-quality product. Having some of the most rigorous quality controls in the CBD business is something we take great pride in. A third-party lab test verifies the quality and purity of every batch of CBD or Full spectrum CBD that comes into our facility. We go one step further at Color Up by receiving a 4th party verification periodically. The third-party tests are compared to samples from our batch, which we send out for testing ourselves as a fourth party. Our company’s basis is built on the ability to provide customers with a pesticide-free, highly concentrated product. Browse our CBD oils online today!